Unit 1: The generation gap – Khoảng cách thế hệ – SBT Tiếng Anh lớp 11 mới

Unit 1: The generation gap – Khoảng cách thế hệ – SBT Tiếng Anh lớp 11 mới – Pronunciation – trang 5 Unit 1 Sách Bài Tập (SBT) Tiếng anh 11 mới – Vocabulary & Grammar – trang 5 Unit 1 Sách Bài Tập (SBT) Tiếng anh 11 mới

Pronunciation – trang 5 Unit 1 Sách Bài Tập (SBT) Tiếng anh 11 mới

In each sentence, find the words that normally carry stress. Put the stress mark (‘) before the stressed syllable in these words. Then practise reading the sentences with the correct stress.

Trong mỗi câu, tìm những từ mà thường mang nhấn mạnh. Đặt dấu nhấn ( ‘) trước khi các âm tiết được nhấn mạnh trong những từ này. Sau đó thực hành đọc các câu với nhấn mạnh chính xác.

The generation gap today is mainly in the use of technology.
There are numerous reasons for the existence of this gap.
The main reason lies in the fact that the majority of teens have grown up using technology.
A lot of teens’ parents have been using the Internet much longer than their children have.
Today’s children are learning computer skills before they acquire any life skills.
Nowadays, children are the ones who teach their parents about the Internet and social media.

Đáp án:

The generation ‘gap to’day is ‘mainly in the ‘use of tech’nology.
There are ‘numerous ‘reasons for the e’xistence of this ‘gap.
The ‘main ‘reason ‘lies in the ‘fact that the majority of ‘teens have ‘grown up ‘using tech’nology.
A ‘lot of ‘teens’ parents have been ‘using the ‘Internet much ‘longer than their ‘children have.
To’day’s ’children are ‘learning com’puter ‘skills before they ac’quire any ‘life ‘skills.
‘Nowadays, ‘children are the ‘ones who ‘teach their ‘parents about the ‘Internet and ‘social ‘media.

Vocabulary & Grammar – trang 5 Unit 1 Sách Bài Tập (SBT) Tiếng anh 11 mới

1. Make words related to the generation gap using the letters.

Tạo các từ có liên quan đến khoảng cách thế hệ sử dụng các chữ cái.

1. accdehlir

2. rnlueca    aimlyf

3. ebalt        amensnr

4. detenedx fylmia

5. tcnlifoc

Đáp án:

1. childcare               2. nuclear family               3. table manners

4. extended family       5. conflict

2. Complete the statements about the generation gap and the family rules with the words in 1. Make changes to the word form, if necessary.

Hoàn thành các câu về khoảng cách thế hệ và các quy tắc gia đình với các từ trong 1. Thay đổi thể thức từ, nếu cần.

Example:

When people live in a multi-generational family, there is often a generation gap.

One disadvantage of living in a/an__________________ is that grandparents may see things from different viewpoints.
Children living with both parents in a stable___________________ tend to be more confident andindependent.
Some parents care a lot about the appropriate behaviour when having a meal with other people. That is why they want to teach their children good__________________ from a very early age.
_______________ in multi-generational families are inevitable.
The biggest advantage of living in an extended family is that parents don’t have to worry much about _______________and housework.

Đáp án:

1. an extended family             2. nuclear family               3.table manners

4. Conflicts            5. childcare

3  Complete a mother’s advice to her 16-year-old daughter, using should/shouldn’t and ought/oughtn’t.

Hoàn thành lời khuyên của một người mẹ cho con gái 16 tuổi, sử dụng should/shouldn’t và ought/oughtn’t.

Your grandparents live far from us, so you________________ talk to them on the phone regularly.
You are going to a concert, so you________________ to wear your old jeans.
You_______________ stare at the computer screen for too long. It is really bad for your eyesight.
You________________ to talk to your grandparents more often so that you can understand them better.
You_____________ become more responsible by sharing the housework with other people in our family.

Đáp án:

1. should : Ông bà sống xa chúng ta, vì thế con nên thường xuyên nói chuyện với họ qua điện thoại

2. oughtn’t: Con sắp đi xem hoà nhạc, vì thế con ko nên mặc quần jeans cũ

3. shouldn’t: Con ko nên nhìn vào màn hình máy tính quá lâu. Nó có hại cho mắt

4. ought: Con nên nói chuyện với ông bà nhiều hơn để có thể hiểu họ rõ hơn

5. should: Con nên trở nên có trách nhiệm hơn trong việc chia sẻ việc nhà với người khác trong gia đình

4. Complete the sentences, using must/mustn’t, have to/has to or don’t have to /doesn’t have to.

Hoàn thành các câu,sử dụng must/mustn’t, have to/has to hoặc don’t have to /doesn’t have to.

I can watch TV and play computer games on Sunday because I________________ go to school that day.
I______________ stay overnight at my friends’ house. My parents are very strict about this.
I______________ go home now to finish my homework.
My grandparents live in the suburbs, so whenever we visit them, we______________ take a bus.
She______________ stay at home to look after her children because there is no one to help her.

Đáp án:

1. don’t have to: Tôi có thể xem TV và chơi điện tử vào chủ nhật vì tôi ko phải đi học hôm đó

2. mustn’t: Tôi ko thể ngủ qua đêm ở nhà bạn. Bố mẹ tôi rất nghiêm khắc về việc này

3. must/have to: Tôi phải về nhà hoàn thành bài tập bây giờ

4. have to: Ông bà tôi sống ở vùng ngoại ô, vì thế mỗi lần chúng tôi đến thăm họ, chúng tôi phải đi xe bus

5. has to: Cô ấy phải ở nhà để chăm sóc con vì không có ai giúp cô ấy

Reading – trang 7 Unit 1 Sách Bài Tập (SBT) Tiếng anh 11 mới

1. Read a text about the generation gap quickly and choose the best title for it.

Đọc nhanh văn bản về khoảng cách thế hệ và chọn tiêu đề tốt nhất cho nó.

A. Generation Gap Consequences

Hệ quả của khoảng cách thế hệ

B. How to Solve Generation Gap Conflicts

Làm thế nào để giải quyết xung đột khoảng cách thế hệ

C. Causes of Generation Gap

Nguyên nhân của khoảng cách thế hệ

The generation gap refers to the difference in attitudes or behaviour between a younger generation and the older one. In my opinion, different attitudes towards life, different views about certain problems, and a lack of communication can cause a generation gap in most societies.

The first factor is that parents and children generally see things from different perspectives. Choosing a career is a good example for this. Many parents try to impose certain careers they favour on their children, based on their own perceptions. However, young people don’t always understand their parents’ points of views. Instead, they prefer to be free to make their own decisions on their future career.

Another factor lies in differences in musical tastes, fashion, and political views between young people and their parents. For example, having a pierced nose might be viewed asfashionable by some teens, but for many parents, it is considered to be an act of rebellion against social norms. Some parents may also find their children’s behaviour unacceptable and disrespectful to traditional values.

The major factor causing the generation gap is the lack of communication between parents and their children. Parents tend to be dominant and not to trust their children to deal with crises. Also, they keep talking too much about certain problems. That is the reason why young people seldom reveal their feelings to their parents. When facing problems, young people prefer to seek help from their classmates or friends.

The above mentioned factors could lead to a generation gap. In order to bridge the gap between the old generation and the younger one, mutual understanding is the vital key. The wisest solution would be for parents and their children to treat each other as friends.

Đáp án:

Tiêu đề phù hợp là C. Nguyên nhân của khoảng cách thế hệ

2      Read the text again and answer the following questions.

Đọc lại văn bản và trả lời các câu hỏi dưới đây.

1. How many causes of the generation gap are mentioned?

A. 2             B 3          C, 4

2. How do young people usually react when their parents impose career choices on them?

A. They want to make their own decisions.

B. They follow their parents’advice.

C. They try to understand their parents’goodwill.

3. What do parents often think about nose piercing?

A.They think that it is acceptable.

B.They think that it is fashionable.

C. They think that it is against social norms.

4. What do young people often do when they face problems?

A.They share the problems with their parents.

B.They ask their classmates or friends for help.

C. They ask their parents for help.

5. What would be the best way to narrow the generation gap?

A.Parents and children should try to be friends and understand each other.

B.Parents should be tolerant and let children do what they want.

C. Children should follow their parents’advice.

Đáp án:

1      B                        2. A                     3. C                   4. B                    5. A

3. Read the text about the generation gap and answer the questions that follow.

Đọc văn bản về khoảng cách thế hệ sau và trả lời các câu hỏi

THE GENERATION GAP IS DISAPPEARING

Despite complaints about the widening generation gap in modern society, in an increasing number of households the generation gap is shrinking or disappearing thanks to changes in parents’attitudes and behaviour. Parents also want to be closer to their teenage children.

A lot of parents have changed their approach to discipline. Instead of forcing their children to do things in a very controlling way, parents try to reason with their children and explain what they expect them to do and why.

It is also true that family members have become more open to each other. Topics such as sex and drugs, which used to be avoided in family conversations, are now more common.

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In addition, parents nowadays are more youthful in appearance and attitudes. It is common to see parents joining in activities such as rollerblading or in-line skating with their children.

Moreover, the most important factor is that more and more parents and teenagers have found some common interests. They may share the same tastes in music, films, or other forms of entertainment.

Some people worry that when the generation gap is disappearing, children may have less respect for their parents and the older generations. This may happen; that is why parents always need to be alert and interfere if they notice any danger signs.

Why is the generation gap disappearing in many families?
What do parents often do when asking their children to do something?
What is an example that shows more open communication among family members?
What is the most important factor for the disappearance of the generation gap?
Why do people worry that the generation gap is disappearing?

Đáp án:

Because many parents have changed their attitudes and behaviour and want to be closer to the teenage children.
Bởi vì nhiều bậc cha mẹ đã thay đổi thái độ và hành vi của họ và muốn được gần gũi hơn với trẻ vị thành niên.
They try to reason with their children and explain what they expect them to do and why.
Họ cố gắng lý luận với con cái và giải thích những gì họ mong đợi chúng làm và tại sao.
They talk about topics such as sex and drugs, which were avoided in family conversations in the past.
Họ nói về các chủ đề như tình dục và ma túy, những điều bị tránh trong các cuộc đối thoại trong gia đình trong quá khứ.
More and more parents and children have found some common interests.
Ngày càng có nhiều cha mẹ và trẻ em đã tìm thấy một số sở thích chung.
Because children may have less respect for their parents and the older generations.
Bởi vì trẻ em có thể ít tôn trọng cha mẹ và các thế hệ lớn tuổi hơn.

Speaking – trang 9 Unit 1 Sách bài tập (SBT) Tiếng anh 11 mới

1. Trang is asking Giang about her family. In pairs, practise reading their conversation aloud.

Trang đang hỏi Giang về gia đình bạn ấy. Theo cặp, thực hành đọc to cuộc hội thoại.

Trang: Do you live in a nuclear or an extended family?

Giang: I only live with my parents and my older brother. My grandparents live in their own flat nearby.

Trang: Is there a generation gap in your family?

Giang:Not really. My parents are very youthful in their personality and appearance. They are also very understanding. But sometimes I come into conflict with my brother.

Trang:What do you argue about?

Giang:Actually, my brother and I just argue about trivial things such as whose turn it is to do the washing-up or clean the floor.

Trang:Are there family rules in your house?

Giang:Yes, we had a discussion and agreed on 10 rules. My mother had them printed on a large-size sheet of paper and stuck it on the door of my bedroom. I can see the rules whenever I want.

Trang:Do you want to follow in your parents’footsteps?

Giang:I don’t think so. As an accountant, my mother is very good with numbers, but I’m not. I like travelling and outdoor activities, so I want to become a tour guide.

2     Summarise the information about Giang and practise talking about her to a partner. Use the guide questions below.

Tóm tắt thông tin về Giang và thực hành nói về cô ấy với một người bạn. Sử dụng các câu hỏi hướng dẫn bên dưới.

What type of family does Giang live in? Who does she live with? What are her parents like? Is ther generation gap in her family? What do Giang and her brother often argue about? Does she want to foil in her parents’ footsteps? Why /Why not?

Gợi ý trả lời:

Giang lives in a nuclear family with her parents and an older brother. There isn’t a generation gap i her family because her parents are very youthful in their personality and appearance. They are als very understanding. There are family rules in Giang’s house, but sometimes she and her brother argu about trivial things such as whose turn it is to wash up or clean the floor. Giang doesn’t want to be a accountant like her mother. She likes travelling and outdoor activities, so she wants to become a tour guide.

3  Work in pairs. Practise asking and answering the questions in 1.

Làm việc theo cặp. Thực hành hỏi và trả lời các câu hỏi trong bài 1.


Các học sinh thực hiện phân vai, hỏi và trả lời các câu hỏi.

4    One of your close friends is having an argument with his / her parents. Read his / her problems ar give him / her advice, using the structures in the Useful language box.

Một trong những người bạn thân của bạn có một cuộc cãi cọ với bố / mẹ của mình. Đọc các vấn đề và cho anh / cô ấy lời khuyên, bằng cách sử dụng các cấu trúc trong hộp Ngôn ngữ hữu ích.

Gợi ý hướng dẫn:

I think you should have a serious talk with your parents and tell them what you think.

I don’t think you ought to follow in your parents’ footsteps.

Tôi nghĩ bạn nên nói chuyện nghiêm túc với bố mẹ và nói với họ những gì bạn nghĩ.

Tôi không nghĩ rằng bạn nên theo bước chân cha mẹ bạn.


Writing – trang 10 Unit 1 Sách Bài Tập (SBT) Tiếng anh 11 mới

1 Complete the sentences without changing their meanings.

Hoàn thành các câu mà không làm thay đổi nghĩa của chúng.

1.My parents never let me forget to do my homework.

My parents always remind____________

2.They think that it is a good idea for me to do voluntary work.

They think that I__________________

3. They always refuse to allow me to stay overnight at my friend’s house.

They never let__________________

4. They insist that I should come home at 9 o’clock every night.

They make__________________

5. My mother expects me to work as a teacher like her.

It is my mother’s wish that I should__________________

6. It is very important for us to do well at school.

We must__________________

7. I can go out with my friends at the weekend.

I am allowed__________________

8. It is not necessary for me to agree with everything my parents say.

I don’t have__________________

Đáp án:

My parents always remind me to do my homework.
They think that I should / ought to do voluntary work.
They never let me stay overnight at my friend’s house.
They make me come home at 9 o’clock every night.
It is my mother’s wish that I should work as a teacher like her.
We must do well at school.
I am allowed to go out with my friends at the weekend.
I don’t have to agree with everything my parents say.

2     You’ve got a pen pal who is interested in knowing more about family rules for teenagers that are most common in Viet Nam. Use the words and phrases to complete a letter of about 160-180 words to him / her. Add more words, if necessary.

Bạn có một người bạn qua thư muốn tìm hiểu thêm về các quy tắc gia đình dành cho thanh thiếu niên phổ biến nhất ở Việt Nam. Sử dụng các từ và cụm từ để hoàn thành một bức thư khoảng 160-180 từ cho anh ấy / cô ấy. Thêm từ, nếu cần thiết.

10 Tran Huu Due St.

NamTu Liem Dist., Ha Noi

March 1st, 20_______

Dear Cynthia,

I / so glad / know that you’re interested / family rules / teenagers in Viet Nam. In fact, each family may apply certain rules / their children, depending / the parents’ perceptions / what is necessary. However, most parents expect their children / follow these three rules.

First, parents often remind their children / show respect / the elderly / greeting them or helping them whenever possible. The parents themselves set / good example / their children / looking after their old-aged parents / providing both emotional / financial support.

Second, teenagers / Viet Nam are expected / help their parents / the housework and other home duties. Cooking dinners and washing up/the most common duties / teenagers. Those who live/the countryside are also required / work on the farm / help their parents.

Finally, most parents want their children / do well at school / the hope that they will have a bright future. Then they may have a better chance / help their parents / return.

Life / changing fast, and family rules / also changing accordingly. However, I still believe / the three above- mentioned rules / remain unchanged / our culture.

I hope /find this information useful. If you need further information, feel free / ask me and I will try my best / help you.

Best wishes,

Kim

Gợi ý đáp án:

10 Tran Huu Due St.

Nam Tu Liem Dist., Ha Noi

March 1st, 20_______

Dear Cynthia,

I  am so glad to know that you’re interested in family rules for teenagers in Viet Nam. In fact, each family may apply certain rules for their children, depending on the parents’ perceptions of what is necessary. However, most parents expect their children to follow these three rules.

First, parents often remind their children to show respect for the elderly by greeting them or helping them whenever possible. The parents themselves set a good example for their children by looking after their old-aged parents and providing both emotional and financial support.

Second, teenagers in Viet Nam are expected to help their parents with the housework and other home duties. Cooking dinners and washing up are the most common duties for teenagers. Those who live in the countryside are also required to work on the farm to help their parents.

Finally, most parents want their children to do well at school in the hope that they will have a bright future. Then they may have a better chance to help their parents in return.

Life is changing fast, and family rules are also changing accordingly. However, I still believe that the three above-mentioned rules will remain unchanged in our culture.

I hope you find this information useful. If you need further information, feel free to ask me and I will try my best to help you.

Best wishes,

Kim

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