Unit 6. Global warming – Nóng lên toàn cầu – SBT Tiếng Anh lớp 11

Lời giải Sách bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 11 Unit 6: Global warming – Nóng lên toàn cầu – Trả lời câu hỏi phần Pronunciation, Vocabulary & Grammar – trang 5; Reading trang 7 ; Speaking trang 8 ; Writing trang 9 Unit 6 Sách Bài Tập (SBT) Tiếng anh 11.

Pronunciation – trang 5 Unit 6 SBT Tiếng anh 11 mới

1. Read aloud the following questions with suitable intonation. Mark (rising intonation) or (falling intonation).

Đọc to các câu hỏi sau với ngữ điệu phù hợp. Đánh dấu (tăng ngữ điệu) hoặc (ngữ điệu giảm).

What is global warming?
Is global warming human-made?
Do you use LED light bulbs at home?
How serious is the problem?
Are you concerned about the rise in temperature?

Đáp án:

2. Practise reading aloud the following exchanges and mark ^ (rising intonation) or (falling intonation) of the questions.

Thực hành đọc to các  trao đổi sau đây và đánh dấu (tăng ngữ điệu) hoặc (giảm ngữ điệu) của các câu hỏi.

1.

A: You know, global warming is real.

4.

A: Global warming may lead to famine.

B: It’s real?

B: Lead to famine?

2.

A: We should take action now before it is too late.

5.

A: Most causes of global warming are related to

B: What should we do?

the increase in greenhouse gases.

3.

A: I think we should reduce our use of paper

B: Most causes of what?

products.

6.

A: Most causes of global warming are related to

B: You do?

the increase in greenhouse gases.

B: What are greenhouses gases?

Đáp án:


Vocabulary & Grammar – Unit 6 Sách Bài Tập Tiếng anh 11

1. Match a verb in column A with a word or phrase in column B.

Nối động từ trong cột A với một từ hoặc cụm từ trong cột B.


Đáp án:

1.d     2. f    3. a    4. b    5.c       6.e

2. Make sentences with the phrases in 1.

Tạo câu với các cụm từ trong bài 1

Example: It’s importantt to raise people’s awareness about the dangers of global warming.

Ví dụ: Điều quan trọng là nâng cao nhận thức của mọi người về những nguy cơ của sự nóng lên toàn cầu.

Học sinh tự tạo câu như ví dụ.

3. Use the words / phrases from the box to complete the sentences.

Sử dụng các từ / cụm từ từ hộp để hoàn thành các câu.

greenhouse gases              heat-related                          catastrophic       vehicle emissions

diversity                                 ecological balance         capture

Example: The government must take measures to cut vehicle emissions.

The effects of climate change on humans and nature are ______
We need to preserve the  ______   of wildlife because each species has an important role to play.
The increase in the earth’s temperature can cause ______ illnesses which can be dangerous to people.
Carbon dioxide is one of the primary  ______ that cause global warming.
Planting trees can contribute to reducing global warming as trees ______  and absorb C02 in the air.
Climate change may lead to the extinction of many species and upset the ______

Đáp án:

1. catastrophic

2. diversity

3. heat-related

4. greenhouse gases

5. capture

6. ecological balance

4. Rewrite the sentences, using perfect participles.

Viết lại các câu, sử dụng phân từ hoàn thành.

After I watched the documentary about wildlife, I made a donation to an environmental society.
After I ate my evening meal, I decided to go for a walk.
Because I had spent the whole day cleaning up my room, I needed to take a shower and have a rest.
Since the authorities had managed water resources irresponsibly, they had to deal with water shortages in the region.
After we had read the stories about people who reduced their carbon footprint, we started to change oi daily consumption habits.
Because the farmers had been told about the dangers of chemical fertilisers, they turned to bio-fertilisers.
After I finished all my homework, I watched my favourite film on TV.

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Đáp án:

 Having watched the documentary about wildlife, I made a donation to an environmental society.
Having eaten my evening meal, I decided to go for a walk.
 Having spent the whole day cleaning up my room, I needed to take a shower and have a rest.
Having managed water resources irresponsibly, the authorities had to deal with water shortages in the region.
Having read the stories about people who reduced their carbon footprint, we started to change our daily consumption habits.
Having been told about the dangers of chemical fertilisers, the farmers turned to bio-fertilisers.
Having finished all my homework, I watched my favourite film on TV.

5. Combine the sentences, using perfect gerunds.

Kết hợp các câu, sử dụng động danh từ hoàn thành.

Example:

He said that he would take responsibility for the project. But then he denied that.

He denied having said that he would take responsibility for the project.

He risked his own life to rescue the little boy. He was really admired for that.
She raised $20,000 for wildlife protection. She was praised for that.
I have advised you on how to cut down your energy use. I remember that.
Some scientists have not reported the effects of climate change.
They are accused of that. They have acted irresponsibly towards the environment. They were criticised for that.
The factory has dumped a huge amount of rubbish into the river. It was fined for that.
He didn’t keep his promise. He apologised for that.

Đáp án:

He was really admired for having risked his own life to rescue the little boy.
She was praised for having raised $20,000 for wildlife protection.
I remember having advised you on how to cut down your energy use.
Some scientists are accused of not having reported the effects of climate change.
They were criticised for having acted irresponsibly towards the environment.
The factory was fined for having dumped a huge amount of rubbish into the river.
He apologised for not having kept his promise.


Reading trang 7 Unit 6 SBT Tiếng anh 11

1. Read the following text and answer the questions.

Đọc bài dưới đây và trả lời các câu hỏi.

It is a common belief that adults are responsible for ‘big issues’ such as environmental protection and conservation, and youths can do nothing but focus on their studies or have fun. However, the stories of the young people in the Young Voices for the Planet show that even at a young age, people are able to do something for their communities and can really contribute to the care and preservation of the environment. Kids can also do things to make a difference, given the chance. And though their skills and talents may vary, they can use their unique gifts to help to preserve the environment and save the world. One of the children in the stories, Olivia, says:

‘Every one of us has a great gift we can use to help the earth. Everyone, at any age, can do something, whether it is picking up rubbish along the side of the road, filling a bird feeder, or bringing reusable bags to the grocery store. For me, I used my artwork. Find your cause and use your talents. The quality of our world is counting on you.’

It is remarkable that someone as young as Olivia can understand so well the connection between society, the environment, and the problems we are facing today. It has been proved that every small act of kindness we show can make a great impact on the world around us.

For some people, environmental protection and conservation means stopping the growth and development of technology and society. But this is a popular belief that is not true. Protecting the environment isn’t about stopping progress. It’s about changing our consumption habits and taking care of the environment. Just by doing simple things, every one of us including the youths can do their share in making this world a better place to live.

What do most people believe?
What do the stories of the young people in the Young Voices for the Planet show?
According to Olivia, what are the things that people can do to help the earth?
What talent did Olivia use to help the environment?
5. What does the writer find extraordinary and unusual about Olivia?

Đáp án:

Most people believe that adults are responsible for ‘big issues’ such as environmental protection and conservation.
Even at a young age, people can do something for their communities and can really contribute to the care and preservation of the environment.
Picking up rubbish along the side of the road, filling a bird feeder, or bringing reusable bags to the grocery store.
Her artistic talent / her talent for artwork.
Her understanding of the connection between society, the environment, and the problems we are facing today.

2. Based on the information in the text, decide whether the following statements are true (T), false (F), or not given (NG). Tick the boxes.

Dựa trên thông tin trong văn bản, hãy quyết định xem các câu sau đây là đúng (T), sai (F) hay không có thông tin (NG). Đánh dấu các ô.

According to Olivia, only young people can use their talents to help the earth.
If you don’t have talents, you can’t help to preserve the environment and save our world.
Even a small act of kindness can make a great impact on the world around us.
If we want to preserve the environment, we should stop the growth and development of technology and society.
The future of our world depends on young people only.
People should change their consumption habits to preserve the environment.

Đáp án:
1.F     2.NG    3.T       4. F     5. NG    6.T


Speaking trang 8

1. A group of students is discussing what they should do to help to reduce their community’s carbon footprint. Put the lines in their conversation in the correct order.

Một nhóm sinh viên đang thảo luận về những gì họ nên làm để giúp giảm lượng carbon thải ra khỏi cộng đồng. Đặt các dòng trong cuộc trò chuyện của họ theo thứ tự đúng.

(a)  Lan Well, what do you think we should do to help to reduce our community’s carbon footprint?

(b)  Mai I agree. And I think we should also try to use less paper.

(c)  Minh In my opinion, we should start cutting down our energy use. If we use LED light bulbs or turi

off electronic devices when they are not in use, we can save a large amount of electricity.

(d)  Lan Uh-huh. These things are very easy to do. What do you think, Mai?

(e)  Mai This can help to save trees and forests since most paper products are made from wood. Do

you agree with me, Lan?

(f)   Minh Use less paper? What makes you think so?

(g)  Lan Well, I don’t think that will help much. I believe that we should start a reuse-and-recycle

campaign. Then we can help to reduce waste and pollution, and conserve natural resources

a 2. ………..  3. ………..     4. ………..  5……… 6. ………..    7. ………..

In a group of three, practise the conversation.

Trong một nhóm ba người, thực hành cuộc trò chuyện.


Đáp án:

1.a   2.c     3.d     4. b     5.f      6.e     7.g

2. Work in groups of three. Make a similar conversation about how you can contribute to reducing global warming. Use the model in 1, the cues below and your own ideas.

Làm việc theo nhóm ba người. Thực hiện một cuộc trò chuyện tương tự về cách bạn có thể góp phần làm giảm sự ấm lên toàn cầu. Sử dụng mô hình trong 1, các gợi ý bên dưới và ý tưởng của riêng bạn.

Raising money to protect wildlife
Cleaning up the school and community every month
Planting trees in the school garden and the community
Using a bicycle or just walking instead of driving, taking a taxi or using a motorbike
Recycling paper products


Writing – trang 9 Unit 6 SBT Tiếng Anh 11

1. Write sentences, using the words and phrases given. Change the word forms or add some words, if necessary.

Viết câu, sử dụng các từ và cụm từ được đưa ra. Thay đổi các mẫu từ hoặc thêm một số từ, nếu cần.

global warming / increase / earth’s average surface temperature / due to / warming effects / greenhouse gases /.
main cause / global warming / burning of fossi fuels natural gas, oil, and coal /.
even slight increases / levels / carbon dioxide atmosphere / can / cause significant / rise / temperature /.
there / connection / between / recent droughts and / climate change /.
farming / contribute / more than 30 percent / total greenhouse gas emissions /.
overuse / chemical fertilisers serious threat / environment /.
warming / earth’s atmosphere cause ‘ sea-level rise /.
many animal species / in / danger of extinction / due to / loss / habitat / and / inability / adapt / climate change/.
global warming / may lead extreme weather events /, / include / heat waves / floods / powerful storms / which / affect / people’s lives /.
every one / us / can / help / protect and sustain / our environment / changing / consumption habits /.

Đáp án:

Global warming is the increase in the earth’s average surface temperature due to the warming effects of greenhouse gases.
The main cause of global warming is the burning of fossil fuels, such as natural gas, oil, and coal.
Even slight increases in the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere can cause a significant rise in temperature.
There is a connection between the recent droughts and climate change.
Farming contributes more than 30 percent of the total greenhouse gas emissions.
The overuse of chemical fertilisers is a serious threat to the environment.
The warming of the earth’s atmosphere causes sea-level rise.
Many animal species are in danger of extinction due to the loss of their habitat and inability to adapt to climate change.
Global warming may lead to extreme weather events, including heat waves, floods, and powerful storms, which could affect people’s lives.
Every one of us can help to protect and sustain our environment by changing our consumption habits.

2. Write an essay of between 160-180 words on global warming, using the outline below.

Viết một bài luận có từ 160-180 từ về sự ấm lên toàn cầu, sử dụng dàn ý dưới đây.

A.  Introduction: introduce the topic and the main content of the essay

B. Body:

Explain what global warming is Explain the main cause of global warming

Discuss three of the main impacts on humans and the natural world

C. Conclusion: summarise the main points and state your opinion

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