Unit 9: Cities of the future – Sách bài tập Tiếng Anh lớp 11 mới

Hướng dẫn giải SBT Tiếng Anh 11 Unit 9: Cities of the future – Các thành phố của tương lai – Pronunciation trang 27;  Vocabulary & Grammar trang 27; Reading trang 29; Speaking trang 31; Writing trang 32 Unit 9 Sách Bài Tập (SBT) Tiếng anh 11 mới

Pronunciation – trang 27 Unit 9 SBT Tiếng Anh 11

1. Decide whether the question tags in B’s responses have rising or falling intonation. Mark (rising intonation) or (falling intonation) after the question tags.

Quyết định xem các câu hỏi đuôi trong câu trả lời của B có tăng hay giảm ngữ điệu. Đánh dấu (tăng ngữ điệu) hoặc (giảm ngữ điệu) sau các câu hỏi đuôi.

1.A: People living in the city are at a great risk of developing a lung disease.

B: Because the air is polluted, isn’t it?

2. A: I’ve been living here for twenty years. I know every corner in this town.

B: So you know where to buy second-hand books, don’t you? I’m looking for some.

3. A: I’ve invited Ann to a concert, but she can’t make it. She has an English test tomorrow.

B: She has to do some revision tonight, doesn’t she?

4. A: The nightlife in this city is so boring.

B: It isn’t. I know a night market just round the corner. Let’s try some local food there, shall we?

5. A: The government should look for ways to deal with the traffic problems here.

B: I agree. They shouldn’t allow vending carts to move in the streets during the rush hour, should they?

Đáp án:

2. Practise the exchanges in 1 with a partner.

Luyện tập các trao đổi trong bài 1 với một người bạn.


Vocabulary & Grammar – Unit 9 Tiếng anh 11 mới

1. Match a word in column A with a word or phrase in column B.

Nối một từ ở cột A với một từ hoặc cụm từ ở cột B


Đáp án:

1. e upgrade infrastructure

2. c quality of life

3. f treat wastewater

4.a detect traffic problems

5.d overcrowded streets

6. b city dwellers

2. Complete the following sentences with the phrases in 1.

Hoàn thành các câu sau với các cụm từ trong bài 1.

The government is making plans to install sensors and cameras in the city centre to _______and drivers to avoid traffic jams.
It’s urgent to _______ the city’s transport _______because almost all the roads get flooded after heavy rain.
We can improve the _______ of the inhabitants by reducing pollution.
_______can enjoy better health care than people living in the countryside, but they are usually busier and more stressed because of the city’s fast pace of life.
They are building a new waste processing plant to _______before it is reused or discharged into rivers.
Be prepared for _______and shopping malls when you visit big cities like Hong Kong and Beijing

Đáp án:

1.detect traffic problems

2. upgrade… infrastructure

3.quality of life

4. City dwellers

5.treat wastewater

6.overcrowded streets

3     Complete the sentences with the correct question tags.

Hoàn thành các câu với câu hỏi đuôi chính xác

There aren’t any shops or restaurants in this street,  ________?
I  think nobody likes to live in a polluted city, ________?
Let’s start our discussion on global warming,________  ?
Something needs to be done immediately to solve the water shortage problem,________?
This is what we need for our new house, ________ ?
Stop playing this computer game and do your homework, ________ ?
You’ve never got stuck in a traffic jam, ________?
Everyone in our class will take part in the school’s Green Campaign,________?

Đáp án:

1.are there  2.   do they      3. shall we     4. doesn’t it

5. isn’t it   6. will/would/could/won’t you    7. have you     8. won’t they

4     Answer the questions, using conditional sentences.

Trả lời các câu hỏi, sử dụng câu điều kiện

What do you usually do if you don’t have to go to school?
What happens if you leave a fish out of water?
What happens if you heat water to 100 degrees Celsius?
What number do I need to dial if I’m involved in a traffic accident?
How much is a motorcyclist fined if he doesn’t wear a helmet?
Where do you usually go if you have a long holiday?
Where can tourists go if they want to taste local food?
What time do you usually go to bed if you don’t have too much homework to do in the evening?

Gợi ý đáp án:

If I don’t have to go to school, I usually help my mother with the housework.
If i leave a fish out of water, it dies.
If I heat water to 100 degrees Celsius, it boils.
If you’re involved in a traffic accident, you need to dial 115.
If he doesn’t wear a helmet, he’s fined up to 200,000 VND.
If I have a long holiday, I usually go to (Nha Trang).
 If tourists want to taste local food, they can go to (the local market).
If I don’t have too much homework to do in the evening, I usually go to bed at 10.

5    Some of the sentences are incorrect. Pick out the wrong ones and correct the mistakes.

Một số câu không chính xác. Chọn ra những lỗi sai và sửa lỗi.

Plants would die if they don’t get enough water.
Everything’s been prepared for the project, isn’t it?
If you see a fire, call the fire department immediately.
Your brother never goes out with his friends if he hasn’t finished his homework, has he?
I believe no one can solve the pollution problem, don’t I?
There’s been a new plan to treat wastewater in the city, hasn’t there?
If you mixed red and green, you’d get yellow.
These are devices to detect any heating problems, aren’t these?

Đáp án:

would die -> die
isn’t it -» hasn’t it
RIGHT
has he -» does he
don’t I -» can they
RIGHT
mixed … would get -> mix … get
aren’t these -> aren’t they


Reading – trang 29 Unit 9 SBT Tiếng Anh 11

1. Read the first part of the text about Barcelona and fill each gap with a word or a phrase from the box.

Đọc phần đầu của văn bản về Barcelona và điền vào mỗi khoảng trống bằng một từ hoặc cụm từ từ hộp.

plan            population                popular                     urban

inhabitants smart        ambitious                 quality of life

Barcelona, the second largest city in Spain, is one of the most (1) …………………. tourist destinations in Europe. It is known for its sunshine, architecture, and lively streets. The City Council plans to transform Barcelona into a(2) …………………city, by having technology reachevery neighbourhood, balancing sustainable urban and economic development, and improving its inhabitants'(3) …………………

One of its great achievements is the transformation of the 200-hectare Poblenou industrial area into the 22@Barcelona District, also known as the Innovation District. This is considered the most important project of (4)  ………………… transformation in Barcelona in recent years, and one of the most (5)  ………………… in Europe, with more than 200 million Euros invested in the infrastructure  (6)  ………………… . The project was launched in 2000 and is still ongoing. As of December 2011, an estimated 4,500 new companies had moved to the district since 2000, an average of 545 per year. The (7) ………………… in 22@Barcelona has grown 22.8%, from 73,464 (8) …………………in 2001 to over 90,000

Đáp án:

  1. popular 2. smart       3. quality of life          4. urban        5. ambitious

6.plan         7. population           8. inhabitants

2. Read the second part of the text and answer the questions.

Đọc phần thứ hai của văn bản và trả lời các câu hỏi.

Why is the 22@Barcelona District also called the Innovation District? Let’s take a walking tour to find the answer to this question.

First, the digital bus stop, with its multifunctional features, is one of the prides of Barcelona. It not only displays real time bus schedules, but also offers tourist information, USB charging sockets and acts as a free WiFi station.

The City Council has also set a target for saving electricity. At night, the smart lighting system becomes less bright when there is no motion detected in the streets and lights up vvhen people are around. This helps to save money and reduces carbon dioxide emissions.

Next is the smart waste collection system with smart rubbish bins which are connected to a vacuum network under the streets. When the bins are full, the sensors installed on them send information to the collection plant, and the waste is sucked through underground pipes. This system reduces noise pollution made by refuse lorries and keeps public spaces clean and odourless.

To encourage city dwellers to use bicycles, a bicycle sharing system was developed. It is designed to h people to travel short distances without consuming any energy. People pay an annual fee, get a speci card, scan it at any of the 400 stations, check out a bike, then check it back in at the station closest to their destination. Most stations are located near other public transport stops or public car parks. What’s more, with seven hours of sunshine a day, Barcelona has taken advantage of solar energy. All r large buildings such as offices, hotels, hospitals, gyms, or swimming pools use solar panels to produc< their own hot water. This helps to reduce fossil fuels consumption and carbon dioxide emissions.

For over a decade, the old industrial district of Poblenou in Barcelona has undergone a dramatic rene’ to create a high-quality environment for working and living. The aim of upgrading an old place while maintaining its economic activity has been achieved. That is why the 22@Barcelona model is being applied to other areas of the city.

Why is Barcelona proud of its bus stops?
How does its lighting system save electricity?
How is the waste collected from the rubbish bins?
What has the City Council developed to encourage people to use bicycles?
How can the 22@Barcelona District reduce use of fossil fuels?
Why is the 22@Barcelona model being applied to other areas of the city?

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Gợi ý trả lời:

Because they are multifunctional.
The lighting system becomes less bright when there is no motion detected in the streets and lights up when people are around.
The waste is sucked up through the underground pipes and sent to the collection plant.
They  have developed a bicycle sharing system.
It can reduce use of fossil fuels by taking advantage of soiar energy. The buildings there use solar energy to produce their own hot water.
Because Barcelona’s project of creating a high-quality environment for working and living has been successful, and the aim of upgrading an old, industrial place while maintaining its economic activity has been achieved.


3. Look for the words or phrases in the two parts of the text which mean the following:

Tìm các từ hoặc cụm từ trong hai phần của văn bản có nghĩa sau đây:

1.    started (v)

2.    approximate (adj)

3.    having several different functions (adj)

4.    pulled with great power and forced into or out of something (v)

5.    improvement; a situation in which something is replaced or improved (n)

Đáp án:

1. launched       2 estimated    3. multifunctional   4. sucked         5, renewal


Speaking – trang 31 Unit 9 Tiếng anh 11

1. Mai and John are talking about the cities of the future. Choose the correct sentences (a-e) to complete the conversation. Then practise it with a partner.

Mai và John đang nói về những thành phố tương lai. Chọn câu đúng (a-e) để hoàn thành cuộc trò chuyện. Sau đó thực hành nó với một người bạn.

a.More people will move to the city. More people means more energy consumption and more carbon dioxide emissions.

b.Exactly. For example, global warming will become worse.

c.I’m writing an essay on cities in 2050.

d.Yes. But in my essay conclusion I’ll express my hope that some things could get better in 2050.

e.I’m afraid the pessimistic. Big cities nowadays face too many insoluble problems.

Mai: What are you doing, John? You look so thoughtful.

John: (1)___________________

Mai: Interesting topic, isn’t it? Are you taking the optimistic or pessimistic viewpoint?

John: (2)___________________

Mai: You mean these problems can’t be solved, can they?

John: (3)___________________

Mai: Why do you think so?

John: (4)___________________

Mai: I see … It seems that you’ve got enough ideas for your essay, haven’t you?

John: (5) ___________________

Đáp án:

1.c    2.e          3. b   4. a   5.d

2. Work in pairs. Use the information below to make another conversation.

Làm việc theo cặp. Sử dụng thông tin dưới đây để thực hiện một cuộc trò chuyện.

– A and B: greet each other

-A: ask why B looks thoughtful

–  B: tell A s/he’s writing an essay on cities in the future

– A: ask if B is taking the optimistic or

pessimistic viewpoint

– B: tell A s/he is optimistic and give reasons

(e.g. There are projects to make cities greener.)

-A: ask B to clarify his/her ideas

–  B: give examples (e.g. build more parks, use renewable sources of energy, etc.)
A: agree with B


Writing – trang 32 Unit 9

1. Write complete sentences about Da Lat City in the future, using the words or phrases below. Make changes in the word form, if necessary.

Viết câu hoàn chỉnh về thành phố Đà Lạt trong tương lai, sử dụng các từ hoặc cụm từ dưới đây. Thực hiện thay đổi trong mẫu từ, nếu cần.

thanks to / ideal climate and European architecture, / Da Lat / well-known / national and Internationa tourist destination /.
  in an effort / attract / tourists, / Da Lat / destroyed / natural beauty / environment /.
general plan / develop / Da Lat City / approved by / prime minister /.
by 2030, / Da Lat and the surrounding areas /’ larger / Ha Noi, with / estimated population / 750,000 inhabitar
project / aims to improve / living conditions / local inhabitants / while preserving / urban space / architectural works/.
environmental problems / such as fresh water shortages / waste collection / water pollution / deforestation / be solved /.
Da Lat / be / first green city / Viet Nam /.
miraculous village’ project / turn / Da Lat / hi-tech agricultural centre /.
aim of this project / to promote / production / clean vegetables / high-quality flowers / for both the I and export markets /.
if / Da Lat / achieve/sustainable development goal / become / high-class ecotourism destination /.

Gợi ý đáp án:

Thanks to its ideal climate and European architecture, Da Lat is a well-known national and international tourist destination.
In an effort to attract more tourists, Da Lat has destroyed its natural beauty and the environment.
A general plan to develop Da Lat City has been approved by the prime minister.
By 2030, Da Lat and the surrounding areas will be larger than Ha Noi, with an estimated population of about 750,000 inhabitants.
The  project aims to improve the living conditions of the local inhabitants while preserving the urban space and architectural works.
Environmental problems such as fresh water shortages, waste collection, water pollution, and deforestation will be solved.
Da Lat will be the first green city in Viet Nam.
The  ‘miraculous village’ project will turn Da Lat into a hi-tech agricultural centre.
The aim of this project is to promote the production of clean vegetables and high-quality flowers for both the local and export markets.
If Da Lat achieves its sustainable development goal, it will become a high-class ecotourism destination.

2.  Write an email to a friend, describing the projects to develop Da Lat City in the future. You can the ideas in 1.

Viết một email cho một người bạn, mô tả các dự án để phát triển thành phố Đà Lạt trong tương lai. Bạn có thể có ý tưởng trong bài 1.

Follow this plan:

–  Recipient’s name

–  Subject

–  Salutation

–  Reasons for writing

–  Describing projects to develop Da Lat City

–  Asking about any projects or plans for development / renewal of his / her city

–  Closing

–  -Your name

Gợi ý đáp án:

Dear Harry,

In my previous email, I promised to tell you more about Da Lat, my home city. Thanks to its ideal climate and European architecture, Da Lat is a well-known national and international tourist destination.

However, in an effort to attract more tourists, Da Lat has destroyed its natural beauty and the environment. That is why a general plan to develop Da Lat City has been approved by the prime minister. By 2030, Da Lat and the surrounding areas will be larger than Ha Noi, with an estimated population of about 750,000 inhabitants.

This project aims to improve the living conditions of the local inhabitants while preserving the urban space and architectural works. Thus environmental problems such as fresh water shortages, waste collection, water pollution, and deforestation will be solved.

Most importantly, Da Lat will be the first green city in Viet Nam. You may wonder how. I’ve learnt that the ‘miraculous village project will turn Da Lat into a hi-tech agricultural centre.

The aim of this project is to promote the production of clean vegetables and high-quality flowers for both the local and export markets.

What’s more, if Da Lat achieves its sustainable development goal, it will become a high-class ecotourism destination in 2030. This means that Da Lat will be able to attract responsible eco-tourists and preserve its environment.

If you have any questions, please write to me and 111 try to find more information. Can you tell me more about your home city? Are there any projects or plans for development and urban renewal?

With best wishes,

Van Ha

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